1 theory x style of management fosters a very hostile and distrustful atmosphere- an authoritarian organization requires many managers just because they need to constantly control every single employee, and the method of control usually involves a fair amount of threat and coercion. You can manage employees using the theory x and theory y management style the trick is knowing the circumstances in which each style is effective if the last time you thought about finding and using x and y was your high school algebra class, you probably haven't heard about the theory x and. Theory x and theory y was an idea devised by douglas mcgregor (see article) in his 1960 book the human side of enterprise it encapsulated a fundamental distinction between management styles and has formed the basis for much subsequent writing on the subject get our daily newsletter.
Theory x and theory y in his 1960 book, the human side of enterprise, douglas mcgregor proposed two theories by he avoided descriptive labels and simply called the theories theory x and theory y both of these theories begin with the premise that management's role is to assemble. 10 applicationalthough theory x management style is widely accepted as poor to others, it has its place in large scale production operation and unskilled production-line work many of the principles of theory y are widely adopted by types of organization that value and encourage participation. On the other extreme, theory y is diametrically opposite to theory x which shows the modern and dynamic approach to individuals and relies on the assumptions that are practical in nature in this article, we are going to talk about the major differences between theory x and theory y. Assessment | biopsychology | comparative | cognitive | developmental | language | individual differences | personality | philosophy | social | methods | statistics | clinical | educational | industrial | professional items | world psychology .
Differentiate between theory x, theory, y, and theory z managers he referred to these opposing motivational methods as theory x and theory y management each assumes that the manager's role is to organize resources, including people, to best benefit the company. Theory x and theory y were introduced in 1960 by douglas mcgregor, an american social psychologist in his book 'the human side of enterprise' this is one of the most famous motivational theories in management in combination, both approaches are referred to as theory xy. Theory x and theory y is a concept that divides people into two groups based on their assumptions about others theory x individuals believe people are. Theory x and theory y represent two sets of assumptions about human nature and human behavior that are relevant to the practice of management theory x represents a negative view of human nature that assumes individuals generally dislike work, are irresponsible, and require close supervision to do.
This article describes the mcgregor theory x and theory y of douglas mcgregor after reading you will understand the background and the practical basics of these leadership styles. Professor douglas mcgregor highlighted that there is a significant relationship between motivation and leadership among people he summarized the findings of the hawthorn experiment by introducing. Comparing theory x & theory y let us now compare both the theories − motivation theory x considers that people dislike work, they want theory x-type organizations work on a 'carrot and stick' basis, and performance assessment is part of the overall mechanism of control and compensation. In 1960, douglas mcgregor formulated theory x and theory y suggesting two aspects of human behaviour at work, or in other words, two different views of individuals (employees): one of which is negative, called as theory x and the other is positive, so called as theory y according to mcgregor. Theory x and theory y say management need to put in place the parts so the company can make a profit theory x says: 1 most people do not like to work 2 most people do not want responsibility, are not ambitious and want to be directed 3 most people do not really care about business goals 4.
 the 'theory x' manager believes that all actions should be traced and the responsible individual given a direct reward or a reprimand according to the action's outcomes this managerial style is more effective when used in a workforce that is not intrinsically motivated to perform. Definition of theory x and theory y: two distinct sets of assumptions that managers, in general, have about their employees and which often turn out to theory-x assumptions are: (1) most people dislike work and will avoid it to the extent possible, therefore (2) they must be continually coerced, controlled. Theory x stands for the set of traditional beliefs held, while theory-y stands for the set of beliefs based on researchers in behavioral science which are concerned with modern social views on the man at work these two theories represent the extreme ranges of assumptions.
Theory x and theory y are theories of human motivation created and developed by douglas mcgregor at the mit sloan school of management in the 1960s that have been used in human resource management, organizational behavior, and organizational development. Theory x and theory y are theories of human motivation and management they were created and developed by douglas mcgregor at the mit sloan school of management, initially presented at a management conference in 1957, and developed during the 1960s. In 1960, douglas mcgregor formulated theory x and theory y suggesting two aspects of human behaviour at work, or in other words, two different views of individuals assumptions of theory x an average employee intrinsically does not like work and tries to escape it whenever possible.
Theory x and theory y, developed by douglas mcgregor, grew out of opposition towards classical management methods classical management theorists, such as fredrick taylor, focused on scientific training and efficiency and did not account for personal and behavioral issues. Theory x and theory y explains how your perceptions can affect your management style theory x - people dislike work, have little ambition, and are unwilling to take responsibility managers with this assumption motivate their people using a rigid carrot and stick approach, which rewards good.
Brandusa maria cheptea nicoleta theory x and theory y english for business studies,ian mackenzie (unit 4, page25) in the human side of enterprise, douglas mcgregor outlined two opposing theories of work and motivation. Mcgregor theory x and y looks at how a leader percept about motivating his/her team members and how leader approach will affects the way in which motivation theory x and y the management or leadership style of a leader is strongly influenced by his/her assumptions and beliefs about what. Definition: the theory x and theory y are the theories of motivation given by douglas mcgregor in 1960's these theories are based on the premise theory x: theory x relies on the authoritarian style of management, where the managers are required to give instructions and keep a close check.